A First Article Inspection Report certifies that each sample was produced and inspected according to the customer's specifications. AS9102 First Articles used by the aerospace and defense industries includes 3 forms: part number accountability, product accountability, and characteristic accountability.
AS9102 Form 1: Part Number Accountability
Identify the part for the first article inspection (FAI) and associated sub-assemblies or detailed parts.
AS9102 Form 2: Product Accountability
All material and process specifications, as well as any special processes and functional testing defined as design requirements, must be accounted for on Form 2.
AS9102 Form 3: Characteristic Accountability
All product characteristics such as dimensions, tolerances, notes, etc. must be accounted for on Form 3. An inspection drawing or model is required whereby all inspection characteristics (defined using CAD annotations) are clearly identified with uniquely numbered inspection balloons. The numbers on the inspection balloons must correspond to the characteristic numbers on Form 3.
A First Article Inspection is typically called for in a purchase order contract between the producer and buyer.
The most common reason to conduct a FAI is because it's required by your customer. According to SAE, here are the times a First Article is required:
Learn more about when a First Article Inspection is required.
Determine your requirements:
Gather documentation needed for your First Article Inspection: