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An Introduction to AS9102 First Article Inspection Report (FAIR)


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What's an AS9102 First Article Inspection Report?

A First Article Inspection Report certifies that each sample was produced and inspected according to the customer's specifications. AS9102 First Articles used by the aerospace and defense industries includes 3 forms: part number accountability, product accountability, and characteristic accountability.

What are the 3 forms in AS9102 FAIRs?

AS9102 Form 1: Part Number Accountability
Identify the part for the first article inspection (FAI) and associated sub-assemblies or detailed parts.

AS9102 Form 2: Product Accountability
All material and process specifications, as well as any special processes and functional testing defined as design requirements, must be accounted for on Form 2.

AS9102 Form 3: Characteristic Accountability
All product characteristics such as dimensions, tolerances, notes, etc. must be accounted for on Form  3.  An inspection drawing or model is required whereby all inspection characteristics (defined using CAD annotations) are clearly identified with uniquely numbered inspection balloons.  The numbers on the inspection balloons must correspond to the characteristic numbers on Form 3. 

5 Steps to Create an AS9102 First Article Inspection Report

Step 1: Pre-Planning

Determine your requirements: 

  • Is this a new First Article/FAI part, partial, or re-accomplishment?
  • Do you have released for production/manufacture of the FAI Part (e.g. engineering) data sets?
  • Do you have quality planning in support of performing the first article?

Gather documentation needed for your First Article Inspection: 

  • Engineering drawings
  • Digital product definition data sets
  • Bill of materials/raw materials list
  • Specifications
  • Manufacturing planning/routing/traveler/work order
  • Source/supplier information
Step 2: Create inspection plan
  • Balloon part drawing: identify the requirement to be inspected with a unique identifier where that requirement exists. 
    • You can balloon with a PDF editor, by hand with a pen, or with InspectionXpert, shown below.

balloon and extract-1

  • Fill out the AS9102 Forms 1 and 2 with information from the Bill of Materials and Specifications List. 
    • Document the requirements to be inspected traceable to the balloon number.
    • Reference location of the balloon
    • Requirements including units of measure, variable requirements with tolerances
    • Classifications (Critical, Major, Key)
Step 3: Manufacture the part
  • Build the product and ensure you are documenting/recording processing and inspection results for the requirements during the manufacturing process.
Step 4: Collect data
  • Inspect the part according to the inspection plan created
  • Keep track of calibrated, certified inspection tools so that they are traceable back to the person certified to use the tool to perform the inspections/manufacture accurately and to the level of precision required
Step 5: Create Report
  • Enter measurement result data into Form 3
    • Measured result(s)
    • Designed/Qualified Tooling
    • Non-conformance information, if any
    • Certificate of Conformance (C of C)
    • Functional Test Report

Free AS9102 Revision B Template & Guide

What's Included:

  • Free AS9102 Rev B Template as an Excel workbook with forms 1, 2, and 3.
  • Separate annotated guide with an explanation of every field in the AS9102 Template forms 1, 2, and 3.

Download Free AS9102 Template & Guide

Upload your First Article to Net-Inspect

Some suppliers require you to input all your FAI information to Net-Inspect. You can manually type, or copy and paste into each form field, or with InspectionXpert you can click a button and see all your data from Forms 1, 2, and 3 directly in Net-Inspect. 


 Import CMM Data to AS9102 FAI
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Make first articles easier today.